How Do Bed Bugs Reproduce?
When you notice the rate at which bed bugs grow you must have surely asked yourself how do bed bugs reproduce? Bed bugs seem to be some sort of experts at reproduction and they have a peculiar way of mating as well. So read to the end of this article if the life and activities of bed bugs intrigue you.
How Do Bed Bugs Reproduce?
Traumatic insemination is the process that leads to fertilization and reproduction among bed bugs. The male bed bugs must break through the shell of the females in order to deposit sperm within a cavity in their bodies. This cavity is known as the hemocoel. The sperm will then enter the bloodstream of the female bugs and reach the eggs. The female bed bugs are now ready to lay eggs over the next 6-8 weeks.
How Often Do Bed Bugs Mate?
In order to fertilize her eggs, female bed bugs need to mate every 6-8 weeks. Unlike humans, bed bugs do not need to mate every time the female has to lay eggs. Just like their feeds, their mating session too is infrequent. A single mating session can allow female bed bugs to lay eggs over the next 6 – 8 weeks.
Do Bed Bugs Have A Mating Season?
Unlike other mammals, bed bugs do not have any particular season in which to mate. They will mate any time of the year. This is one of the primary reasons that their population expands exponentially.
Do Bed Bugs Prefer To Mate After A Meal?
There is in fact truth in this statement. Bed bugs do mate increasingly, once they have had a blood feed. This is due to the following reasons:
- After a blood feed, bed bugs have more nutrients in their body and probably feel more energized to be able to carry out the process of mating.
- Female bed bugs are not too inclined to mating. This is because the process of mating leaves them injured. After a meal, the female bed bugs get a lot slower and are therefore easier to catch. So the males have a better chance.
- The abdomen of a female bed bug is extended and engorged with blood after a meal. This makes it easier for the male bed bugs to spot the hemocoel.
How Many Eggs Can A Female Bed Bug Lay?
Prepare to be amazed. A single female bed bug can lay up to 250 eggs during its lifetime. The process of mating leaves female bed bugs with a number of injuries. Hence, female bugs who have been exposed to fertilization multiple times, over a short period of time are likely to lay fewer eggs than those who have had time to recover between egg laying. It is believed that a single female bed bug can give rise to a population of 5000-bed bugs within a short span of six months. This is a staggeringly surprising statistic. You now know how a bed bug infestation can increase rapidly.
What Happens To The Pregnant Bed Bug?
The pregnant bed bugs have recently experienced trauma and hence they become reclusive. Most female bed bugs travel to far-off locations where they can be left in peace for the remainder of their pregnancy until they have laid eggs.
Where Do Bed Bugs Lay Eggs?
Female bed bugs carefully choose the place that they lay eggs. They choose safe spots as opposed to open areas, like:
- Inside your mattress or around it. Places like the springs of your mattress, its seams, corners, and the box spring are good examples of where you will find bed bug eggs.
- Under bulky furniture. This is another favorite spot as it is shaded and secluded. Check the underside of your couch, wardrobe, cabinets, and showcases.
- Around the headboard of your bed and furniture around the bed.
- Among the crevices and cracks of walls.
- Among old toolboxes, electrical sockets, or discarded cardboard boxes in the garage.
What Do Bed Bug Eggs Look Like?
Typically, bed bug eggs resemble little grains of rice. They may be 1 – 0.5 mm in size. Once the eggs, most females will secrete a sticky liquid around the eggs so as to adhere them to the surface.
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