If you’ve ever had Chigger bites, it’s not an experience you’ll soon want to have again. Chigger bites are incredibly uncomfortable, and unfortunately often occur in the most, shall we say, uncomfortable locations”.
While Chigger Bites are what most people call them, they are in fact not “bites” as we think of them at all.
Chiggers, instead of actually biting, form a hole in your skin and proceed to consume small portions of the inner skin. This process causes severe irritation, and often swelling in most people and animals.
The area of irritation, where the severe itching occurs, is often referred to as a Chigger bite and shows itself as a red, pimple-like bump.
These bumps often occur in numbers, and are close to each other, resembling a skin rash (see photo to the right, of a young female, covered in Chigger bites).
Do you have Chigger Bites?
Determining that you actually have chigger bites at first can be a bit difficult, as Chigger bites often look like many other bug bites, including flea bites, and bed bug bites. In fact Chiggers and commonly confused with bed bugs. But they are very different.
There are a few distinctive traits for chigger bites, vs many other bug bites, these include:
- Red whelps, that look more like red pimples, than typical insect bites, like a mosquito bite.
- The whelps are close together, and often widespread.
- Most commonly located on your ankles, legs, and groin.
- Chiggers bite randomly, and not in any pattern, like bed bugs.
Chigger Bite Symptoms
Like other bug bites, a person’s individual symptoms can vary, based on the person’s reaction. Chigger Bite reactions are a combination of:
- Reaction to the Enzyme Chiggers inject into you, to help digest your skin
- Damage from the hole that is made in your skin, which is very small, but somewhat traumatic
- Allergic reactions to the Enzyme or bite itself
- Immune response to your body taking damage.
- Additionally, if Chigger Bites are scratched, an infection can also set in, causing additional, and sometimes very serious symptoms.
- Men can actually get a fairly serious symptom called “summer penile syndrome”, when bitten in their genital regions, and especially on the penis. This syndrome not only causes itching but swelling which is more problematic as it can cause difficulty urinating.
The bottom line is, you’ll have:
- Lots of smell red whelps, or pimple like marks on your skin. These are often on your feet, legs, and groin.
- Intense itching – The Enzyme Chiggers place in your skin causes very intense itching. When they are located on sensitive areas of your skin, such as your stomach, groin or genital area, and on the back on your knees, Chigger bites are even more intense.
What is a Chigger?
Chiggers are very small mites, that are actually in the same family as spiders and ticks. Chiggers are so small, that they are very difficult to see with the naked eye, at only about 1/60 of an inch (0.4mm). What does help, is that Chiggers are orange-red in color, making them easier to see.
Chiggers live in grasslands and forests, often around damp areas. They can be found in:
- Golf Courses
- and even around lakes and streams
So yea, pretty much anywhere …
Chiggers are most prevalent in early summer, as grass begins to grow and temperatures warm up. Read more about Chiggers.
Why Do Chiggers Bite?
As we mentioned earlier, Chiggers don’t actually bite. They instead get on your skin and form a hole so they can access the softer skin under the surface.
They then inject their saliva into that hole. Their saliva contains an enzyme that almost immediately begins digesting your skin, and the Chigger feeds.
Chiggers are not insects, but mites, and therefore primarily feed on skin. In fact, they are closely related to spiders and ticks. Human skin is preferred is their preferred food, but they can feed on other skin from animals such as dogs, rabbits, rodents, and more.
Chiggers remain on your skin for about a week, before they drop off, leaving behind the itching, swollen welts, that have a very distinctive look and pattern.
Be sure to browse our Chigger Bite Pictures page, for lots of photos, from the web, and submitted by our readers.
How to Treat Chigger Bites
Treatment of Chigger Bites is similar to other insect bites. The following treatments work very well:
- Anti-Itch Creams
- Calamine Lotion
- Antihistamine Pills
- Hot showers and baths are also highly effective at reducing discomfort
If Chigger Bites do not get better on their own within a few days, we recommend seeing a doctor as you may be having a more serious allergic reaction.
The key to effective treatment is to treat the bites as soon as possible. The longer they go without being treated, the worse they will get.
Chiggers are so problematic, that there are even specific products, targetted at preventing and treating Chigger Bites:
- ChiggerX – An ant-itch ointment targetted at chigger bites.
- ChiggAway – Both a Chigger repellent and Chigger treatment lotion.
How to Prevent Chigger Bites
The single most effective way to prevent Chigger Bites is to avoid going into areas where they live. We realize though that given how pervasive they are, this is very difficult.
Before venturing out into a potentially Chigger infested area, be sure to:
- Wear long pants, a long-sleeve shirt, and boots – Always tuck your pants into your boots.
- Cover both your skin and your clothing with an effective Chigger Repellent like Deep Woods Off or ChiggAway.
If you think you’ve been in a Chigger infested area, once you return home, immediately remove all of your clothing (including undergarments), and put them into a hot wash. This will remove and kill any Chiggers on your clothing.
You’ll then want to immediately take a shower or hot bath, and wash vigorously with soap, to kill and remove any chiggers on your skin. Pay particular attention to your feet, legs, groin, and genital areas.
>> Check out our How to Kill Chiggers – 5 Effective Ways Guide <<